Donald Judd
To Dave Shackman, 1964

Iron pipe and fittings
54 3/4 × 88 × 54 3/4 inches
(139.1 × 223.5 × 139.1 cm)

Object 67
1960s 72

In 1968, Donald Judd dedicated this work to Dave Shackman, a filmmaker and part-time plumber who helped him assemble this work. According to Judd’s studio assistant Jamie Dearing, Shackman was the one to realize that if Judd reversed the threads on just one of the pipes, all the other parts would fit together. Dearing said, “It was a bit of brilliance that astounded Don and certainly astounded me.”1 The work is square on the north- and south-facing sides, and, as Richard Shiff observed in an essay describing the piece, the east-and west-facing sides are rectangular with the golden ratio of approximately 5:8. In the piece, “every structural element is what it is, a pipe or a fitting.”2 This work and To Susan Buckwalter, 1964, are rare examples of works that Judd titled.

Interview with Jamie Dearing, January 23, 2007, Oral History Project, Judd Foundation Archives, Marfa, Texas.
Richard Shiff, “Donald Judd: Fast Thinking,” in Donald Judd: Late Work, exh. cat.(New York: PaceWildenstein, 2000), 17.

Selected Bibliography

7 Sculptors. Exh. cat. Philadelphia: Institute of Contemporary Art, 1965, 14.

Smith, Brydon, ed. Donald Judd: Catalogue Raisonné of Paintings, Objects, and Wood-Blocks 1960–1974. Exh. cat. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1975, 61 (exh. cat. no. 19), 118 (DSS cat. no. 48).

Donald Judd: Late Work. Exh. cat. New York: PaceWildenstein, 2000, 17 (fig. 9).

Raskin, David Donald Judd. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2010, 13, 14 (fig. 8), 15.

Judd, Donald. Donald Judd Writings. Ed. Flavin Judd and Caitlin Murray. New York: Judd Foundation and David Zwirner Books, 2016, 813, 985 (image 148).