Donald Judd’s use of cadmium red, a series of repeating black horizontals, and the central circular form in this work are reminiscent of his first freestanding floor piece, made about a year later untitled, 1962. This work was made using a recycled canvas; an X-shaped form is discernable beneath the painting’s surface.

Judd began using thick horizontal and diagonal lines in the foreground of his paintings in 1961, as seen in the unfinished lines of untitled, 1961, or in the larger-scale gray lines of untitled, 1962.

Selected Bibliography

Smith, Brydon, ed. Donald Judd: Catalogue Raisonné of Paintings, Objects, and Wood-Blocks 1960–1974. Exh. cat. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1975, 20, 107 (DSS cat. no. 24).

Haskell, Barbara. Donald Judd. Exh. cat. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1989, 34 (fig. 15).

Donald Judd: Sculpture. New York: PaceWildenstein, 1994, 4 (ill.).

Kellein, Thomas. Donald Judd. Early Work 1955–1968. Exh. cat. New York: D.A.P., 2002, 80 (ill.), 154.