Cadmium red light oil and black enamel on wood and masonite with asphalt pipe
44 1/4 × 40 3/8 × 13 3/4 inches
(112.4 × 102.6 × 35 cm)
Although it was originally meant to hang on the wall, this object is Donald Judd’s first work placed directly on the floor. As he described in a 1971 interview:
First, I did the pipe relief and kept it on the floor. It was a big thing when sitting on the floor. I left it on the floor, and that didn’t seem to bother it much. It was meant to go on the wall, but it looked all right on the floor. And then the whole situation of the wall was tiresome, but I was also tired of low relief. It seemed a method that would solve a lot of problems, and it did to some extent, but it still shared the nature of painting in that low relief is rectangular and goes back against the wall. And I didn’t want it to sit back against the wall. A piece that was completely three-dimensional was a big event for me.1
He would later argue that this was also important for the history of art more broadly: “Before the right angle and its predecessor, all ‘sculpture’ was placed on a pedestal. . . . Since now it is common for work to be placed anywhere in a room, it is impossible for people to understand that placement on the floor and the absence of a pedestal were inventions. I invented them.”2
1 “Don Judd: An Interview with John Coplans,” in John Coplans, Don Judd, exh. cat. (Pasadena, CA: Pasadena Art Museum, 1971), 21, 23.
2 Donald Judd, “Some Aspects of Color in General and Red and Black in Particular” (1993), in Donald Judd Writings, ed. Flavin Judd and Caitlin Murray (New York: Judd Foundation and David Zwirner Books, 2016), 839.
Coplans, John. Don Judd. Exh. cat. Pasadena, CA: Pasadena Art Museum, 1971, 21, 23, 26 (plate 10). Reprinted: Coplans, John. “An Interview with Don Judd.” Artforum, Summer 1971, 41 (fig. 4).
Agee, William C. “Unit, Series, Site: A Judd Lexicon.” Art in America, May/June 1975, 41.
Reprinted (revised): Agee, William C. The Sculpture of Donald Judd. Exh. cat. Corpus Christi: Art Museum of South Texas, 1977, 7, 8.
Smith, Brydon, ed. Donald Judd: Catalogue Raisonné of Paintings, Objects, and Wood-Blocks 1960–1974. Exh. cat. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1975, 21, 51 (exh. cat. no. 9), 110 (DSS cat. no. 32).
Haskell, Barbara. Donald Judd. Exh. cat. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1989, 34–35 (fig. 16).
Donald Judd: Räume / Spaces. Ostfildern: Cantz, 1993, 11, 44 (ill.).
Judd, Donald. Donald Judd Writings. Ed. Flavin Judd and Caitlin Murray. New York: Judd Foundation and David Zwirner Books, 2016, 1010 (image 174).