Donald Judd permanently installed this object in the bedroom on the fifth floor of 101 Spring Street around 1970. He considered this piece to be his first three-dimensional work for the wall. Earlier wall works involved incision into the surface either through the placement of found objects or routed lines or the inclusion of high-relief found objects that projected from the surface.­1

Judd also used an asphalt pipe in what was initially conceived of as a work for the wall untitled, 1962 but would become his first free-standing work in three dimensions.

In the 1990s, Judd used a similar form in an unpainted Douglas fir plywood with a bent plywood column in place of the asphalt pipe. Discussing the relationship between the earlier and later works in a 1994 PaceWildenstein catalogue, William C. Agee wrote, “This kind of continuity was emblematic of Judd’s capacity for finding renewal and regeneration within his own art at critical points.”2

1Donald Judd, “Some Aspects of Color in General and Red and Black in Particular” (1993), in Donald Judd Writings, ed. Flavin Judd and Caitlin Murray (New York: Judd Foundation and David Zwirner Books, 2016), 838.
2William C. Agee, “Donald Judd in Retrospect: An Appreciation,” in Donald Judd: Sculpture, exh. cat. (New York: PaceWildenstein, 1994), 11.

Selected Bibliography

Coplans, John. Don Judd. Exh. cat. Pasadena, CA: Pasadena Art Museum, 1971, 21, 24 (plate 9), 25. Reprinted: Coplans, John. “An Interview with Don Judd.” Artforum, Summer 1971, 41 (fig. 3).

Smith, Brydon, ed. Donald Judd: Catalogue Raisonné of Paintings, Objects, and Wood-Blocks 1960–1974. Exh. cat. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1975, 21, 22, 109 (DSS cat. no. 29).

Haskell, Barbara. Donald Judd. Exh. cat. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1989, 30–31 (fig. 12).

Donald Judd: Sculpture. Exh. cat. New York: PaceWildenstein, 1994, 10 (fig. 4).

Serota, Nicholas, ed. Donald Judd.Exh. cat. London: Tate Publishing, 2004, 116 (ill.).

Stockebrand, Marianne, ed. Donald Judd: The Multicolored Works. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2014, 17–19 (fig. 3).

Judd, Donald. Donald Judd Writings. Ed. Flavin Judd and Caitlin Murray. New York: Judd Foundation and David Zwirner Books, 2016, 651, 838, 922 (image 71), 1011 (image 175).