In Conversation: Frank Bash
A conversation with Dr. Frank N. Bash, director of McDonald Observatory from 1989 to 2003. The conversation is part of the Oral History Project of Judd Foundation in which Dr. Bash discusses his work, friendship, and shared interests with Donald Judd. Established in 1933, the McDonald Observatory is one of the world’s leading centers for astronomical research situated in some of the darkest night skies in the continental United States. As a member of its Board of Visitors, Judd helped the McDonald Observatory raise funds for the Hobby-Eberly Telescope, a Spectroscopic Survey Telescope (SST) which has vastly added to the knowledge and understanding of the universe.
About Frank Bash
Frank N. Bash, Ph.D., served from 1989-2003 as director of McDonald Observatory, one the world’s foremost astronomical research institutions and a pioneer in public outreach and informal science education.
A native of Medford, Oregon, Bash earned his bachelor’s degree from Willamette University in Salem, Oregon; his master’s degree in astronomy from Harvard University; and his doctorate from the University of Virginia. A well-known and widely published specialist in radio astronomy, Bash joined the faculty of the University of Texas at Austin in 1969. He served as Chairman of the University of Texas at Austin Department of Astronomy from 1982 through 1986. In 1985, he was named the Frank N. Edmonds Regents Professor of Astronomy at the University of Texas at Austin. As a researcher, Bash is interested in large-scale star formation processes in spiral galaxies. He has won numerous awards for the quality of his teaching, and was named to the teaching excellence Hall of Fame at UT Austin in 1984.
As Director of McDonald Observatory, Bash led the effort for design, funding, and construction of the magnificent new 11-meter Hobby·Eberly Telescope at McDonald Observatory in West Texas, which has the largest primary mirror in the world. The only comparable telescopes, Keck I and Keck II, in Hawaii, each cost nearly $100 million to build. The Hobby·Eberly Telescope cost $13.5 million, due to its cost-effective design. This design makes it possible, for the first time, to contemplate construction of the next generation of telescopes, of up to 29 meters in diameter.
Bash also led the effort to expand the public-outreach programs of McDonald Observatory. These programs include the creation of The Frank N. Bash Visitor Center, which hosts over 130,000 visitors a year and StarDate radio, which reaches millions of people each day in English, Spanish, and German.